Ground state

 

The lowest-energy state of a system. The electronic ground state of a system cannot reduce its energy by an electronic transition, but may contain vibrational energy (kinetic and potential energy associated with the motions and positions of its atoms); extended systems at ordinary temperatures are always vibrationally excited, and so "ground state" is often taken to mean "electronic ground state."

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Refer to this page:

Excited states

Activation energy

Fluorescence

Numerical modeling

Quantum Wire

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Related Terms:

 

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