Mechanosynthesis in chemistry
is any chemical synthesis
that takes place by mechanical
controlled by mechanical
systems operating with atomic-scale precision,
enabling direct positional selection of reaction
systems include AFM mechanisms, molecular manipulators, and molecular mill systems.
Processes that fall outside the intended scope of this definition include reactions
guided by the incorporation of reactive
moieties into a shared covalent framework (i.e., conventional intramolecular reactions),
or by the binding
or enzymelike catalysts.
tools with chemically specific tip structures can be used, sequentially, to
modify a work
piece and build a wide range of molecular
structures. [fs] see technical bibliography for
research on positional mechanosynthesis
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