Semiconductor nanowires are one-dimensional
structures, with unique electrical and optical
properties, that are used as building blocks in nanoscale
devices. See Nanowires within nanowires and Learning how to Fabricate Nanowire.
Striped or 'superlatticed' nanowires can function as transistors,
leds (light-emitting diodes)
and other optoelectronic devices, biochemical sensors, heat-pumping thermoelectric devices, or all of the
above, along the same length of wire. See Nanowires Get Their Stripes.